In Vitro Fertilization Basics

With in-vitro fertilization, the fertilization of the egg takes place not within the body of a woman, but outside – and as the name suggests – in a glass bowl. This procedure is used when an insemination in a natural way is not possible or has been unsuccessful. There are various causes, including blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis or things that cause a man’s fertility to reduce.

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Preconditions for the feasibility of in vitro fertilization are healthy, functioning ovaries and a good quality of male sperm. If the conditions above, the ovaries of women are initially excited by hormone therapy to increased egg production. The goal is to produce as many mature eggs as possible. When the moment of ovulation comes, the doctor then remove the fertilized egg cells. After which the eggs are combined with sperm in parallel to produce the partner in a glass bowl. The glass bowl is a special nutrient solution which serves the development of the eggs. The fertilization of the egg by a sperm each is entirely without instrumental aid. By cell division have developed after a few days of the fertilized eggs, the embryos are now carefully inserted into catheter, into the uterus. When embryo transfer between one and three embryos are used to increase the chance of pregnancy. The embryos need a few days until they have settled into the uterine lining. Be a nestle all embryos, it comes to multiple pregnancies, which occur frequently in the method of InVitro fertilization.

In the time of  fertilization special care and protection of the woman is displayed. After embryo transfer, the woman receives special luteum hormones to support the embryo growth. After two to three weeks you can find through a pregnancy test whether vitro fertilization was successful. The chances of pregnancy by means of the in vitro method vary between 25 to 30 percent.

Like all medical interventions, In Vitro Fertilization also carries certain risks. These include hormonal hyperstimulation, which can lead to an enlargement of the ovary. Under certain conditions, the insurance companies take 50% of the cost of an in-vitro fertilization. Some private health insurance companies, however, are ready for a complete takeover of the costs.

Photo Credit: Seth Miller